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INSIDE OUT JOURNAL Formatting Guidelines

Formatting requirements for submissions to Inside Out  

The Editorial Board of Inside Outrequest that the following standards are adhered to when submitting an article for consideration (see below for formatted examples, used with permission from the author): 


  • Articles (1500-3000 words) to be typed and emailed as a Word document attachment to the Editorial Board at insideoutjournal@iahip.org. 


  • Style:All contributors are asked to follow the APA style, 7th edition. Some exceptions are made to this style to allow for optimal layout in the printed journal. Detailed information on using this style can be found here: https://apastyle.apa.org/ The main points of the style are summarised below, with exceptions to the style highlighted in bold italics: 


  • Title of Article: 14pt, Times New Roman, bold type, title case, justified left (ex. 1). 


  • Name of Author: 12pt, italics, word ‘by’ in lowercase (ex. 2).  


  • Text Format (ex. 3):  

  • Times New Roman, font size 12. 

  • Single space after each full stop. 

  • Justify alignment on both margins. 

  • Single line spacing within paragraphs. 

  • Double line spacing between paragraphs, paragraphs are not indented. 

  • Headings in bold, font size 12, title case, justified left, single line spacing between heading and text. 

  • Title of books, films, etc., in italics, font size 12. 

  • Words usedfor numbers one to nine, numerals for numbers 10 and above. 


  • Quotations and referencing: 

  • References that are not direct quotations to be as illustrated in example 4. 

  • For quotations of fewer than 40 words, add quotation marks around the words and incorporate the quote into your own text—there is no additional formatting needed. Do not insert an ellipsis at the beginning and/or end of a quotation unless the original source includes an ellipsis. The quotation is followed by reference details, including page number (ex.5).  

  • Lengthy quotations(40 words or more) to be indented on a new line, justified on both margins, referenced. No quotation marks to be used for indented quotations (ex. 6).  

  • When providingpage numbers follow these guidelines  

  • For a single page, use the abbreviation “p.” (e.g., p. 25, p. S41, p. e221). 

  • For multiple pages, use the abbreviation “pp.” and separate the page range with an en dash (e.g., pp. 34–36). 

  • If pages are discontinuous, use a comma between the page numbers (e.g., pp. 67, 72). 

  • If the work does not have page numbers, provide another way for the reader to locate the quotation. 

  • Italics are used to draw attention to key terms and phrases when providing definitions eg first use of a phrase: Mindfulness is defined as “the act of noticing new things, a process that promotes flexible responding to the demands of the environment.” 

  • Quotation marks are used to present linguistic examples (egStudents wrote “I promise to uphold the honour code” at the top of the test page) and titles of book chapters and articles in the text. 

  • References are to be listed alphabetically and the reference format illustrated below to be followed. Include doi number, if available. Note that the reference list is justified only on the left margin andthere is no line space between each of the references (ex. 7). 

  • When referencing a document within a websiteor on-line journal, the date of accessing the document is to be included in the reference(ex. 8). 

  • Example 9 shows how to reference a movie or YouTube material.  



  • Biographical note of 30 wordsmaximum is to be placed at the end of the article (after a line space) and before the list of references. Contributors are welcome to provide a head-and-shoulders picture of printable quality to be placed with their bio. 


  • All contributions to Inside Out (Letters, Reviews, Responses to Articles, etc.) are to follow these formatting guidelines (Reviews to be 500-1000 words approx.) 


  • Authors of material accepted for publication are asked to consent to their contribution appearing online in the Inside Out edition on the IAHIP website (http://www.iahip.org). 


  • Contributors are asked to advise the Editorial Boardif their contribution has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere and, if so, to provide a full reference. 




(1) (2)  

Integrative Psychotherapy: An Application 

by Debbie Hegarty  




My approach to psychotherapy practitioning is integrative. In my view integration and working integratively is inevitably a personal process, and as such my practitioning reflects my life experiences, professional trainings, temperament, personal style, the theories and methods that best fit my style, as well as my understanding of them. I believe that any one theory cannot possibly answer the diversity and complexity of being human, dealing with human distress, and supporting clients to manage their lives better. 


I like to consider the uniqueness of the client, as well as what the client may share with others. I believe there is a universal way of responding to stress and trauma, and then there is what each individualdoes with it.  



Several studies have examined how attachment styles, and the internal working models that underlie them, affect how people process interpersonal information (e.g., Collins & Feeney, 2004; Kirsh & Cassidy, 1997). Findings from these studies suggest that highly avoidant and highly anxious people perceive their social environment more negatively than do securely attached people. In addition, Fraley and Brumbaugh (2004) found that memories of adolescents who had attached insecurely to their caregivers became more negative and distorted overtime than did the memories of adolescents with secure attachment styles. Subsequent memories that are consistent with the working model are easily assimilated into the working model, and therefore help to maintain these mental representations (Wallin, 2007). 



I have learned that the capacity to regulate arousal, whether hyper or hypo, in the face of adversity is not an innate human function. It is “experience dependent” (Schore, 2002, p. 443) and only develops in the kind of“growth-facilitating emotional environment” (p. 440) that I am committed to developing with clients. 



Van der Kolk (2009) uses the term “complex trauma” (2) to describe the experience of multiple and/or chronic and prolonged developmentally adverse traumatic events, most often of an interpersonal nature.He explains that when children are unable to achieve a sense of control and stability they feel and become helpless: 


If they are unable to grasp what is going on and unable to do anything about it to change it, they go immediately from (fearful) stimulus to (fight/flight/freeze) response without being able to learn from the experience. (van der Kolk, 2009, p. 5) 





Collins, N.L., & Feeney, B.C. (2004). Working models of attachment affect perceptions of social support. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87(3), 363-383.https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.87.3.363 

Fraley, R.C., & Brumbaugh, C.C. (2004). Predictors of change in attachment security. In W.S. Rholes & J.A. Simpson (Eds.), Adult attachment: Theory, research and clinical implications (pp. 133-156). Guilford Press. 

Hegarty, D. (2014). Integrative psychotherapy: An application. Inside Out, 72, 38-53. 

Kirsh, S.J., & Cassidy, J. (1997). Preschoolers attention to and memory for attachment 

relevant information. Child Development, 68, 1143-1153.  

Schore, A.N. (2002). Advances in neuropsychoanalysis, attachment theory and trauma research. Psychoanalysis Inquiry, 22, 433-484. https://doi.org/10.1080/07351692209348996 

Wallin, D. (2007). Attachment in psychotherapy. Guildford Press. 



World Health Organization. (2018, May 24). The top 10 causes ofdeath.https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death  



Davidson Films Inc. (2010, June 22). John Bowlby: Attachment theory across generations [Video].YouTube.http://youtu.be/8ljZ4a8Uc8Q 


Fleming, V. (Director). (1939). Gone with the wind [Film]. Selznick International Pictures; Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 



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